CSI women’s reentry resources

Enhancing the reentry outcomes of justice involved women.

Women are one of the criminal justice system’s fastest growing populations. In the past decade, the number of women incarcerated in federal and state prisons has increased by 22 percent, while the number of women on probation and parole has risen 10 percent. Although women comprise only about 17 percent of the total criminal justice population, the implications of their criminal justice involvement are far reaching—as their children, family members, and neighborhoods can experience their absence acutely. To read the rest of this report click here.

Reentry Considerations for Women Offenders Coaching Packet

“The Center is a nonprofit criminal justice consulting organization based in Silver Spring, Maryland. Since the early 1980s, the Center has provided training and technical assistance to the criminal justice field on a wide array of topics, including transition and reentry, and has administered a number of national projects of this kind. The Urban Institute was established as a private, nonprofit corporation in Washington, D.C. in 1968 and is a leader in prisoner reentry research, focusing on making best practice information accessible to practitioners and policymakers. The Carey Group is a justice consulting firm with extensive practitioner experience in evidence-based practices, strategic planning, community and restorative justice and corrections.” Click here to receive their PDF document describing the program.

Gender-Responsive Strategies for Women Offenders: A Summary of Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders

“Women now represent a significant proportion of all offenders under criminal justice supervision in the United States. Numbering more than 1 million in 2001, women offenders make up 17 percent of all offenders under some form of correctional sanction. To improve policy and practice regarding women offenders in corrections, the National Institute of Corrections undertook a 3-year project—titled Gender-Responsive Strategies: Research, Practice, and Guiding Principles for Women Offenders—to collect and summarize multidisciplinary research and practitioner expertise on gender-responsive strategies.” To read the rest of the report, click here.

Women and Addiction: A Trauma-Informed Approach

“Historically, substance abuse treatment has developed as a single-focused intervention based on the needs of addicted men. Counselors focused only on the addiction and assumed that other issues would either resolve themselves through recovery or would be dealt with by another helping professional at a later time. However, treatment for women’s addictions is apt to be ineffective unless it acknowledges the realities of women’s lives, which include the high prevalence of violence and other types of abuse. A history of being abused increases the likelihood that a woman will abuse alcohol and other drugs. This article presents the definition of and principles for gender-responsive services and the Women’s Integrated Treatment (WIT) model. This model is based on three foundational theories: relational-cultural theory, addiction theory, and trauma theory. It also recommends gender-responsive, trauma-informed curricula to use for women’s and girls’ treatment services.” Click here to read the report

Addressing the Mental Health Needs of Women Offenders

“There is a growing body of research on the mental health needs of women offenders. One major finding from this research is that incarcerated women are more likely than their male counterparts to report extensive histories of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse (Messina, Burdon, Hagopian, & Prendergast, 2006). Surveys conducted among incarcerated women have also shown a strong link between childhood abuse and adult mental health problems, particularly depression, post-traumatic stress, panic, and eating disorders (Messina & Grella, 2006). In a 2006 study of the impact of childhood traumatic events on a sample of drug-dependent female offenders, Messina and Grella found that greater exposure to childhood adverse events was associated with behavioral problems in adolescence and adulthood, as well as physical and mental health problems. Although they are therapeutically linked, substance abuse, post-traumatic stress, and mental health problems have been treated separately. One of the most important developments in mental health care over the past several decades is the recognition that a substantial proportion of women offenders have experienced trauma and this plays a vital and often unrecognized role in the evolution of a woman’s physical and mental health problems” To continue reading the report in PDF form, click here.

National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women

A resource for professionals, policymakers, and practitioners who work with adult women involved in the criminal justice system. Women are one of the fastest growing populations entering the criminal justice system. A growing body of research reveals key issues specific to justice-involved women and highlights the need to implement evidence-based, gender-informed approaches to affect criminal justice outcomes. Click here to visit their website.

Instepp, Inc.

Creating vibrant communities through empowered women. InStepp, Inc. is a a dedicated, community-based non-profit company that is passionate about helping our regional communities thrive by empowering at-risk adult women and adolescent girls to succeed personally and professionally through innovative, gender-responsive training, education and prevention services. Click here to access their web site